The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value added tax that will replace all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Government, both Central and States, once it is implemented. The GST is all set to consolidate all State economies. This will be one of the biggest taxation reforms that will take place in India once the Bill gets officially the green signal to implement. The basic idea is to create a single, cooperative and undivided Indian market to make the economy stronger and powerful. The GST will see a significant breakthrough towards an all-inclusive indirect tax reform in the country.
Bottlenecks in the implementation of GST
Though the Government wants the GST Bill to be implemented by April 2016, there are certain bottlenecks which need to be taken care of before that:
- What preparations are needed at the level of Central and State Governments for implementing the GST?
- Whether the Government machinery is efficient enough for such an enormous change?
- Whether the tax-payers are ready for such a change?
- What will be the impact on the Government’s revenue?
- How will the manufacturers, traders and ultimate consumers be affected?
- Will GST help the small entrepreneurs and small traders?
If everything goes well, most likely the Bill will be legislated by April 2016. According to a study by the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), full implementation of the GST could expand India’s growth of gross domestic product by 0.9-1.7 percentage points. By removing the system of multiple Central and State taxes, the GST can help in reducing taxation and filing costs and expand business profitability, thereby attracting investments and promoting GDP growth. Simplification of tax norms can help in improving tax compliance and increasing tax revenues.